Shuhei Endo

| Shuhei Endo (*1960)

Architecture paramoderne


The architect today is groping for plausible paramodern architecture that can open up new possibilities by overcoming the self-imposed limitations of modernism in architecture that resulted from pursuing uniformity to excessive degrees, while taking advantage of its possibilities and effectiveness to the fullest extent. In modernism, architects broke down the whole of architecture into such elements as post, beam, roof, and wall, and reassembled these elements again. Limitations inherent to this kind of "composition" may be regarded as a major reason why modernism in architecture never gained real richness in its character. Therefore, this architect has experimented with non-compositional methods in two types of architecture. The first type was based upon questioning anew a fundamental premise of architecture, namely complete separation of interior from exterior. This type of architecture consisting of open spaces has been named, to use a neologism, "Halftecture". In the other, architectural spaces were created with a single element, that is, continuous strips of plate encompassing both roof and wall, not with the compositional elements obtained by breaking down the whole of architecture into its elements. This was called, in a similar vein, "Rooftecture". These buildings are concrete examples of an attempt at realizing possibilities of Paramodern architecture. This concept had been realized in small-scale buildings such as a parking building for bicycles, a public lavatory, and an unmanned railway station. These "Halftecture" structures encompassing ambiguous spaces were built with continuous, simple strips of steel plate only. This type of building points to a new possibility of building architectural structures. Many "Halftecture" designs have been realized with corrugated steel sheeting. This material is an industrial product manufactured by applying a wavy form to steel sheeting. These plates have structural strength, and are durable and recyclable because of their galvanized surface. They are well suited for assembling a structure on-site with bolts and nuts since they are produced in sheet form with standardized dimensions. In "Halftecture", the interior and the exterior were reversed and interior spaces and exterior spaces fused by continuous strips of steel plate, realizing para-modern spaces. In attempting to create open spaces in "Halftecture", the possibility was discovered of using strips of plate as a building material. As a development of using these strips, "Rooftecture" built with continuous strips of plate encompassing both roof and wall, was born. This is to say that "Rooftecture" refers to architectonic conduct in which continuous strips of roof/wall are identified as a sole means of creating architectural spaces. Using these continuous strips of roof/wall was an attempt to create versatile spaces without being restricted to further propagation of monotonous spaces. Further possibilities of this type of architecture are being explored.

Shuhei Endo

shuhei endo


Springtecture H
Singu-cho, Hyogo, Japon, 1998

shuhei endo

Public lavatories are required to provide convenience, based on openness, and security, deriving from enclosure. Openness is essentially the possibility of passage. The structure is basically in the form of an independent spiral of steel sheets, with gate shaped auxiliary materials partially inserted. The architectural concept of this facility aims to form a linkage between openness and enclosure through continuity of corrugated steel sheets. Interior walls double as exterior ceilings and floors, which also extend as exterior walls and roofs and once again turn into interior parts. The interior and exterior form a linkage of changes, challenging architectural norms expected by the observer, and suggesting a new, heterogeneous architectural form. The facility is also a small attempt towards a new architecture realized by continuous interplay between the interior and the exterior and the interactive effect of partial sharing of roofs, floors and walls.

shuhei endoshuhei endoshuhei endoshuhei endo


Springtecture A
Aomori, Japon, concours, 2000

shuhei endo
shuhei endo

This architectural design was created as an entry in a competition for an art museum complex planned in northeastern Japan. This was a proposal to propagate a type of architecture consisting of geometric regularity despite its versatile appearance, as attempted initially in "Springtecture-H". The architectural requirements for this museum included a variety of functions and spaces. These are satisfied by spaces formed by strips of steel plate that are tied together into curved continuous surfaces. Adjacent spaces are connected at narrow gaps between them, and steel plates winding inside-out and outside-in bring together all the interior and exterior spaces as a versatile whole. In this design, five strips of continuous and winding plates are integrated into a composite structure to secure required areas in the plan and required dimensions in the section. Structurally, it is a planar structure formed by curved precast concrete panels tied together continuously. This project was an attempt at creating a versatile and rich architecture possessing a geometrical regularity without being monotonous and boring.



Rooftecture W (Wipo Project)
(Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle)
Genève, Suisse, concours, 2000

shuhei endo
shuhei endo

shuhei endo

This design was an entry in a design competition for the new extension building to the World Intellectual Property Organization Headquarters in Geneva. The architectural brief for this extension was a complex one requiring underground parking lots, a large-scale conference hall, and offices. The main design concept of this project was to express complementary relationships between the architecture and people's activities therein. A structural system inspired by the structure of DNA was proposed as a fitting structure for World Intellectual Property Organization. Possibilities of mankind lie in the versatility of multiple cultures and exchanges among them. These were recognized as similar possibilities to those exhibited by the regularity and versatility of DNA, which is shared by all living beings. Based on this insight, two design features, a wall system possessing structural regularity and spaces filled with a whole variety of light and wind created by the wall system, were proposed. In this architectural proposal, a universal structural system that could generate a variety of forms was employed while versatile and rich spaces were secured by topping the architecture with a large roof.


Shuhei Endo (1960)

1986 — Master's degree, Kyoto University of Art
1988 — Création du Shuhei Endo Architect Institute
1998 — Japan Federation of Architects & Building Engineers Association Award ; Marble Architectural Award ; East Asia Grand Prix, Italie


2000 /1988 — Kinki University, Kobe ; Design School et Fukui Institute of Technology

Principaux projets et réalisations

2000 — "S Complex" Shiga (projet) ; "Springtecture A/Aomori project" Musée d'art, Aomori, Japon (concours) ; "Rooftecture W/Wipo project" Extension du siège social de l'Organisation Mondiale de la Propriété Intellectuelle, Genève, Suisse (concours)
1999 — "Rooftecture H" Hyogo (réalisé) ; "Rooftecture Y" Hyogo (projet) ; "Rooftecture M" Tokyo (projet)
1998 — "Rooftecture O" Lieu de culte Shinto, Fukui (réalisé) ; "Rooftecture N" Entrepôts et bureaux, Hyogo (réalisé) ; "Springtecture H" Toilettes publiques, Hyogo (réalisé)
1997 — "Transtation O" Abri à bicyclettes, Fukui (réalisé) ; "Halftecture F" Fukui (réalisé) ; "Rooftecture T" Fukui (réalisé)
1996 — "Healtecture K" Résidence familiale et bureaux, Osaka (réalisé) ; "Skintecture I" Coopérative de pêche, Hyogo (réalisé)
1995 — "Maison O" Kyoto (réalisée)
1994 — "Cyclestation M" Abri à bicyclettes, Shiga (réalisé)
1990 — "3d Factory" Shiga (réalisé)
1988 — "Maison U" Osaka (réalisé)

Expositions récentes

1999 — "GA House Project 1999" Tokyo
1998 — "The Possibility of Architecture 98" Osaka
1997 — "GA House Project 1997" Tokyo ; "The Possibility of Architecture 97" Osaka

Principale publication de Shuhei Endo

1999 — "Shuhei Endo" GG Portfolio, éditions Gustavo Gili, Barcelone, Espagne

Bibliographie sélective

1999 — AJ (déc.) G.B. ; AA (nov/déc) G.B. ; AD (mars/avr.) G.B. ; Space (mars) Corée ; The Architectural Map of Osaka/Kobe, Toto Shuppan, Japon
1998 — AR (oct.) ; AJ (avr.) G.B., Marble Architectural Awards'98, East Asia Grand Prix, Italie
1997 — AR (avr.) G.B. ; Wallpaper (sept/oct.)